Like having a good health and being young, most of us take us for granted -- that is, until we lose it. For many people, a hair transplant can help in bringing back what looks like a full -- or at least a fuller -- head of hair.
If going bald really bothers you, this procedure can be one of the best ways to feel more confident about how you look. However you must first talk with your doctor about what you can expect during and after the surgery.
Hair transplant is a one type of surgery that moves hair which you already have to fill the area where the hair is very thin or no hair. Doctors have been doing these transplants for long time and its very common now a days, but the technologies have changed a lot in recent years.
Usually the procedure will be done in the doctor's office. Fundamentally the surgeon cleans the scalp and injects medicine to numb the back of your head and doctor will choose one of two methods for the transplant which is follicular unit strip surgery or follicular unit extraction. With Follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS), the doctor removes a 6- to 10-inch strip of skin from the back of your head and He sets it aside and sews the scalp closed and that area is immediately hidden by the hair around it.
Next, the team of doctors divides the strip of removed scalp into 500 to 2,000 tiny grafts, each with an individual hair or just a few hairs. Depending on the hair type, quality, color, and the size of the area where you’re getting the transplant, the number and type of graft you will get. If you’re getting into the follicular unit extraction (FUE) procedure, the doctor’s team will shave the back of your scalp and then, the doctor will remove hair follicles one by one from area. Later, the area heals with small dots, which your existing hair will cover.
Once these procedures are over in both this type, from that point both processes are the same. After the doctors team prepares the grafts, they cleans and numbs the area where the hair will go or creates holes or slits with a scalpel or needle, and delicately much carefully places each graft in one of the holes. They will probably get help from other team members to plant the grafts, too. Depends upon the transplant you’re getting, the process will take about 4 to 8 hours. Later on if you continue to lose hair or decide you want thicker hair, you might need another procedure
Once the surgery is over, the scalp may become very tender. You may have to take pain medications for many days. The doctors will make you wear bandages over your scalp for at least few days. He may also advise you to take antibiotic or an anti-inflammatory drug for several days. Mostly many people they return to work 2 to 5 days after the surgery.
After surgery, within 2 to 3 weeks the transplanted hair will fall out, that time you will notice new growth within a few months. Many people will see 60% of new hair growth after 6 to 9 months. Some doctors advice the hair-growing drug minoxidil to improve hair growth after surgery, but it’s not clear how well it works.
The cost of the hair transplant will depend on the amount of hair you move, but mostly insurance plans don’t cover it. This transplant also has some risks like bleeding and infection like any normal surgery. And the chance for scarring and unnatural-looking new hair growth is also there.
At the time the new hair start to grow, some may get inflammation or an infection of the hair follicles, called folliculitis so using antibiotics and compresses with doctors’ advice can relieve the problem and also there is a possibility to suddenly lose some of the original hair in the area where you got the new strands, called shock loss. But most of the time, it’s not permanent one. So, it’s always better to talk with your doctor about the treatment, risks and how much improvement you may get from the surgery. They can help you with their experts’ opinion and decide if it's a good option for you.