Pelvic Floor Relaxation

Pelvic floor relaxation is the weakening of the supportive muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor. This condition, which affects mostly women, is generally caused due to childbirth, aging, and problems with support which inevitably causes the pelvic floor to sag and press into the wall of the vagina.

Some common factors that contribute to this issue are
  • Childbirth (particularly vaginal delivery)
  • Obesity
  • Aging
  • Injury (e.g., due to pelvic surgery)
  • Chronic straining

The pelvic floor holds the uterus and the bladder in position above the vagina. When the pelvic floor becomes stretched and damaged due to various reasons, these organs can sag into the vagina, sometimes bulging out through the vaginal opening. A sagging uterus is referred to as a uterine prolapse, pelvic floor hernia, or pudendal hernia. A sagging bladder is referred to as a bladder prolapse, or cystocele. Other organs, such as the rectum and intestine, can also sag into the vagina as a result of a weakened pelvic floor.

A thorough pelvic exam can help diagnose pelvic relaxation, as can certain tests of bladder function.

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